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Jukun by Ikechi1
Jukun
Collaboration with HopelessPandora 


NORTHERN NIGERIA

Queen Amina                     Yauri                  Zamfara             Kebbi and Gwari                    Gobir, Katsina and Zaria

Daura               Fulani-Wodaabe               Fulani-Fula          Hausa-Kano                            Kanuri

MIDDLE BELT NIGERIA

Nupe

SOUTHEAST NIGERIA

Ekumeku-Igbo          Anaang           Ibibio          Akpa-Ibom Isi               Ijaw           Nri-Igbo               Aro-Igbo                Itsekiri

SOUTHWEST NIGERIA

Oyo-Yoruba     Egba-Yoruba   Edo-Benin

CURRENTLY IN OTHER COUNTRIES

Fon           Hausa-Zinder

 Miscellaneous and History

Tribes side by side 

Blood of the Kingdoms story featuring all the characters


Government history

Disclaimer: As with previous works this is an anthropomorphization of a entire culture and thus is a gateway to look at the history of the culture. This piece includes the history of the Jukun people as well as the Kwararafa confederacy and the Wukari Federation. Much of the history prior to the 1500s regarding the Jukun would be scant and be based off accounts from their enemies as well as archeaological guesses since they seem to be descendants of the extinct Nok culture that disappeared in 300 C.E. Edit: After some extra research and finding much more information, the Kwarafa confederacy was not entirely Jukun in its inception which destroys the notion of the Jukun influence in the 1300s.


Jukun is a descendant of Nok, an ancient trube that persisted in the region that would come to be known as the middle belt of Nigeria (and the northern part of old Kamerun) at the start of the 1000 B.C.E. With his ancestor Jukun spent most of his time being a part of the ancient African world, slowly seeing many of the other future tribes slowly arrive on the scene. Interacting with the Tuaregs around 900 B.C.E both Nok and Jukun engaged in what was the ancient Transharan trade that went in one direction, along the Niger river and upwards into Morocco and heading into North Africa and then Egypt before trailing off into Nubia and the Mediterreanean. For most of this period a lot of Nok and Jukun sculpture was traded as many people and tribes valued their artistic craftsmanship and came to see the ancient dances that Jukun would perform. 

I do not have much data on the Jukun from 900 B.C.E to 900 C.E, there is a gap in my knowledge and research here. What I can confirm is that Jukun was a minor trading power within the Benue basin as tribes from both future Nigeria and Cameroon would use the territory as a stopping point. What brought about the biggest change for Jukun was the rise in power of three tribes to the south of his territory, Igbo, Tiv and Edo-Benin in the 1100s. The Arochukwu portion of the Igbo's Nri Empire forced Jukun to shift his territory forcing him to come into contact with the Benin Empire. Edo-Benin wanted to incorporate multiple kingdoms in the Benue Basin under his influence but did not want to directly confront the Igbos who were large in number. Jukun found himself consistent fear of running from Edo-Benin as the territory started to grow much larger. Jukun pleaded with the Igbos who gave him temporary protection as long as Jukun did not impose any form of tarriffs on their trade. 

Things looked peaceful for Jukun until Igala decided to start his own kingdom in the 1200s, calling it the Kingdom of Idah. Jukun suddenly found himself caught between three large Kingdoms and decided to be part of one of them for pure survival. Most of the tribes in the Benue Basin were not pleased with Edo's expansion and an alliance of Igala, Jukun, Tiv, Idoma, Efik, Etsako, Ogoni, Isoko and Nupe along with the Arochukwu stopped Edo-Benin's expansion in its tracks. Among the multiple smaller tribes that were in this was Kwararafa. Kwarafa gathered 24 other tribes, including Jukun and proposed that they form a confederacy of tribes, to mitigate the fact that they were much smaller. The European equivalent of this would be the Holy Roman Empire. Kwararafa was at the head of this confederacy with the 24 other tribes being semi-subordinate. 

The confederacy often had to move around due to three northen influences, due to their southern borders being secure due to mutually beneficial trade with the Igala and the Igbos in the 1300s to 1500s. The Confederacy's main issue was constantly trying to get itself taken seriously as a regional power. But initially, Hausa-Kano and the Kanem-Bornu Empire, who wanted ownership of the Benue basin, constantly had the confederacy under siege. The other major issue was a religious one. The Hausa were trying to convert the members of the confederacy to Islam, and non of the tribes in this confederacy wanted that, Kwararafa and Jukun especially. The first major sign of things changing was the Battle of Santolo. Santolo was a member of the confederacy most affected by Hausa incursions and favoured an animist religion. In 1349, after receiving his refusal to convert, Hausa-Kano invaded Santolo's territory and broke him. Santolo had a massive archery wall, but Hausa-Kano had recently gotten a surprise weapon, the Daura horselord cavalry. Bolstered by the gift from Daura, Hausa-Kano broke the city walls and Santolo perished, his people fleeing to the confederacy who had to relocate itself again. Slowly though other tribes started converting, with Jukun and Kwararafa being seen as the last bastions of traditional faith. The islamization of the region was seen as necessary by the Hausa to gain control of the trade routes in the region, but the confederacy got a reprieve from the Hausa when the Mali Empire extended its reach into the Hausa-Bakwai. 

This created a problem for the alliance, Mali and Kanem-Bornu each had a stranglehold on the trade coming into their lands, the Tuaregs could not even get through easily. To mitigate this the confederacy set up base at Atagara, a large mountainous outcropping that was extremely high in elevation and very defensible with massive line of sight. This prevented direct attacks on Atagara as the Jukun and Kwarafa protected the animist believers from the Hausa, Mali and Kanem-Bornu. However after being besieged time and time again, they had to sell off hundreds of slaves in order to get protection in exchange for cavalry. Bolstered by this, in the 1460s the confederacy finally felt secure that this alliance could hold its weight militarily and economically. This was finally put to the test when Bornu decided that it was time for him to expand, pushing aside Kano's forces he lead a charge that ended up with multiple tribe members being killed at Tagara in 1463. With a loss f 17,000 soldiers and their King captured, the confederacy had to once again retreat as the Kanem-Bornu Empire established itself as a rival to the weakening Mali Empire which got replaced in 1464 by the Songhai Empire which had a greater reach than Mali did. These two titans were clashing with each other constantly in the north in the 1500s and it seemed that it would continue to be that way until the rise of Queen Amina of Zaria, whose military prowess created a Hausa Kingdom that pushed the two empires out of what would become northern Nigeria. 

The confederacy had no choice but to submit to Amina of Zaria and Islam in the 1500s after witnessing the downfall of the Songhai Empire in the late 1500s. A combination of drought, famine, Moroccan invasions and Queen Amina's Tactics brought the Songhai Empire crashing down. When the confederacy had to move its territory to Biepi once again, Jukun decided to expand his influence within the confederacy. Getting Idoma to join the confederacy bolstered their numbers, and after the passing of Queen Amina the Bornu Empire grew bold, no longer having to fear Amina and their rival Songhai gone. Jukun lead the charge in 1620 and defeated Bornu, after several centuries of retreats. The confederacy intended to push furthr into Bornu territory but the drought prevented further expansion and just ended up securing their borders and trying to fight with the other tribes for scraps of Amina's kingdom. Jukun felt his position in the confederacy would be assured, until Nokwu and Edo benin temporarily joined as a defensive measure against Oyo-Yoruba. This reduced Jukun's influence within the confederacy significantly but being near Zaria allowed him economic importance. With Igala, Edo-Bein, Nokwe and a possible membership of Gwari looming, Jukun needed to make more allies. He allied himself with newcomers Pabir and Abakwariga, tribes that would find themselves in Kamerun centuries later. 

The Jukun-Pabir-Abakwariga alliance found itself opposed by the Idoma-Bini (Edo-Benin)-Nokwu allance. Both groups wanted control of the confederacy and to make sure they had Kwarafa's favour within this emboldened and growing kingdom. The Jukun alliance eventually won out in terms of influence due to their access to river trades and better relations with Nri-Igbo and the Hausa kingdoms. Jukun started to gain more power when he discovered a massive amount of a specific resource in his region, salt. In 1640 Jukun decided to cement his power by deposing Kwararafa, killing him and gaining ownership of the confederacy. This would not last as Abakwariga later seized control from him and put Jukun in a position of weakness. In order to prevent Jukun's revival of power and to prevent the member tribes like Koro from leaving along with Edo-Benin gaining ambitions of power, Abakwariga suggested that the confederacy clash with its old enemy, Hausa-Kano. The Kwararafa-Hausa war lasted from 1651-1660 with Hausa-Kano's defeat. Abakwariga and the confederacy member were able to secure vast land holdings that fed the people who were suffering in another drought. In 1670 Abakwariga wanted to increase the power of the confederacy by attacking Kanuri in order to recoup the losses they had gained when Bornu attacked in 1668 and defeated them soundly. Kanuri fought off the confederacy from 1670-1700 which forced the confederacy to establish a permenant tenous peace with Hausa-Kano. Border skirmishes would occur between the two powers but nothing on the scale of war ever again.

Taking advantage of Abakwariga's military failures, Jukun found himself in a position to seize power, his strength was in his infantry and archers while Abakwariga had lost near his entire cavalry force. Jukun rose up, deposed Abakwariga and banished him including, Nokwu, Edo, Igala, Idoma, Gwarri, Koro and Pabir, giving himself full control of the Kwarafa confederacy in 1730. Jukun then tried to enforce a rule of "Jukunization", getting the remaining member tribes to imitate his culture, where before the tribes had all managed to keep their identities intact. Everyone now had to speak the language of the Jukun and the new capital was at Wukari. Until 1840 Jukun had finally acheived power, disseminating the culture of the remaining tribes, until everyone was Jukun. 

That all changed when Fulani-Fula, continuing her version of the Fulani Jihads, set her sights on the Kwararafa confederacy. By 1840 the confederacy fell to the Fulani Caliphate which later became the Hausa-Fulani Sokoto Caliphate. Jukun fled to Wukari and tried to set up a new confederacy there called the Wukari Federation. Jukun found himself under siege from the tribes that had managed to hold out against his "Jukunization" and besieged him. Specifically the Chamba tribe who was the last to not fall under Jukun's influence. Jukun in 1852 received help from the Tiv tribe who wished for help against Fulani-Fula's power. The duo failed and Chamba once again had Jukun at his mercy. Desperate, Jukun turned for help to a growing influence in the region, the European Powers. Specifically, Germany and France. While most of the tribes in the area gained British protection Jukun had german protection. Though by 1900 Wukari got split up, his land owned by Chambe in the British portion, with the rest of it being part of a nation-colony called Kamerun. Along with Efik, Ekoi, Tiv, Bamun and Duala, they found themselves under Germanic then later French rule after World War 1. 

In 1919 as part of a treaty, Jukun and some of the other tribes were transferred from Cameroun to British Cameroun. Jukun decided to follow along with the Nigerian tribes in fighting for independence. In 1961 the Jukun people officially rejoined the country of Nigeria after it got its indepedence in 1960. One that was not happy about having to share a naton with Jukun was Tiv, who attacked him in 1963, Jukun got support from Hausa and stopped Tiv's attacks on him. In 1967 Jukun decided to side with his old allies the Hausa during the Biafran war. For the next several decades Tiv and Jukun would continue to clash with each other over various issues. Things came to a head in 1992 when a Jukun tribeswoman was assassinated at a political rally by a Tiv member. The resulting violence ended up getting 5,000 people killed and forcing Katsina to step in and quell the violence. Jukun's rationale for his fights against Tiv was that she was trying to expand her territory and influence in Wukari and wanted to eliminate him, as well as their religious differences. The Chritian Tiv against the Islamic Jukun. The conflicts between the two continued though on smaller scales in 2005.  
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Claiming the Throne Page 88 by Ikechi1
Claiming the Throne Page 88
Story is written by me
Art by FalyneVarger 
Colours by lummage 
Lettering by UberVestigium 
Logo made by Lukewarm Media
Mercenary characters and Red Tyrannosaurus are owned by Lukewarm Media and used with permission
Albertonykus material made with permission from Albertonykus 

Chapter 1 
Chapter 2 
Chapter 3 
Chapter 4 
Chapter 5 
Chapter 6 

Chapter 7 

Page 80
Page 81
Page 82
Page 83
Page 84
Page 85
Page 86
Page 87

So after all this time we finally have our winner of this three way fight and I suspect it did not go as expected. If you have any confusion as to the fight I will endeavour to answer your questins. After this I need to upload some of the Nigeria stuff as I have been severely neglecting my backlog, but the scripts for the rest of this chapter have already been written so no worries there.
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Claiming the Throne Page 87 by Ikechi1
Claiming the Throne Page 87
Story is written by me
Art by FalyneVarger 
Colours by lummage 
Lettering by UberVestigium 
Logo made by Lukewarm Media
Mercenary characters and Red Tyrannosaurus are owned by Lukewarm Media and used with permission
Albertonykus material made with permission from Albertonykus 

Chapter 1 
Chapter 2 
Chapter 3 
Chapter 4 
Chapter 5 
Chapter 6 

Chapter 7 

Page 80
Page 81
Page 82
Page 83
Page 84
Page 85
Page 86
Page 88

For those who are confused, Sonata cut off Ferus Pontus' tail.
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Claiming The Throne Page 86 by Ikechi1
Claiming The Throne Page 86
Story is written by me
Art by FalyneVarger 
Colours by lummage 
Lettering by UberVestigium 
Logo made by Lukewarm Media
Mercenary characters and Red Tyrannosaurus are owned by Lukewarm Media and used with permission
Albertonykus material made with permission from Albertonykus 

Chapter 1 
Chapter 2 
Chapter 3 
Chapter 4 
Chapter 5 
Chapter 6 

Chapter 7 

Page 80
Page 81
Page 82
Page 83
Page 84
Page 85
Page 87
Page 88

I apologize for the dialogue, that dialogue was a bit forced but I could not think of a good way to have that explanation play out. But yes, I wish to explain further how forcefields work in this universe. If people want to know more, let me know and I'll make an edit with the added information. As for the fight, it's still up in the air who will win.
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  • Mood: Joy
  • Listening to: Femi Kuti
  • Reading: Game of Thrones
  • Watching: Battlestar Galactica
  • Playing: Rome 2 Total War
  • Eating: Cream Chicken Rice
  • Drinking: Water
Last year for my master's I wrote a thesis paper on the discrimination that Biracial individuals receive from all walks and facets of community and life depending on their mix and how much they lean towards it. Now what I plan to do since my skin tone leans to the more Caucasian side is to let my hair grow out. (it has to a ridiculous length) and I will go to a stylist and have my now annoyingly long hair changed to look more like it belongs on a Northern European individual and see if I am treated any differently for it. As for my voice, I sound like how Americans think a stereotypical British person sounds for the most part (you can hear the Igbo a bit if you know West African accents). I likely will but this will confirm or disprove what I wrote about in my thesis paper so that I can have physical evidence to back it up. I will walk around stores, drive down the street with a nice looking car (rented), and go to more "white areas" and see.


Day 1: First few hours after styling the hair, I am being constantly mistaken for a person of Spanish Origin. First notice of the day, went to a branch of my bank that I had not been to before. Decided to talk business with a Caucasian teller, gave a very warm and friendly handshake and spoke in gentle and pleasant tones. After business was conducted, pretended to sit down and wait to meet up with someone, saw individual greet a Black American client, conversation was noticeably a lot stiffer and teller was a lot less warm and inviting and seemed like he wanted the man to leave. Edit: It was pointed out that I did not state the behaviour of the client after me. He was, as is colloquially said, all smiles and tried to be friendly with the teller, more so than I was. Whilst I wore a t-shirt and jeans he wore a business suit, so logically he should have seemed a more desirable customer than I.

Day 2: Went book shopping for some textbooks, nothing occurred that I noticed. Will buy more textbooks when the rest become available. Learned that I need 3 different gels, had to learn to use them in order, and two kinds of brushes and a comb plus how to tie a bonnet around my hair properly and will have to purchase a hair dryer. Perhaps the most levity of the day was my fiance asking me if I wished to get my hair done with her at some unspecified date in the future. That should add more to people consistently mistaking me for a woman all the time but I digress. Just adding some filler, I should not realistically expect to find evidence of racism every single day, if I find less than I assumed then that should be a good thing right?

Day 3: No activity of note that occurred today except me somehow failing to properly use a hand held hair dryer. For those who asked here are the before and after pictures of my hair.
Archosauria - Win 20140211 204756 by Ikechi1

That was me before the style
ARCHOSAURIA - new hair by Ikechi1

This is myself now.

Day 4: Martin Luther King Jr Day, not expecting to get any data on this day.

Day 5: A lot more results and data this time. I sat on the bus near a bunch of Nigerians commenting in Igbo (Baltimore has a lot of Nigerians) on how that "white man" (me, though the word they were using for white person was not exactly a nice word) had been styling his hair. I told them after a while in Igbo that I could understand every word and they were in shock and asked how a "white man" could speak a Nigerian tongue and I had to inform them that I was half-Nigerian myself. I also surprised the Slovakian bus driver who was thinking that I was a British/Spanish mix. To note, even before the hair change I have never been acknowledged by Nigerians as being one even when I lived there because I looked to different from them so that was not exactly new. Especially in my home village I had to convince a lot of the people that I was my mother's son :). In more interesting news I sat down for hot chocolate in Starbucks after buying some textbooks ($500 to rent a bunch of textbooks for just one semester is a robbery in my opinion). Then I had the opportunity to run into 3 police officers who immediately spotted that I was mixed from the onset, they said it was their job to be observant about facial structures and genetics when doing forensics and other law related things. Interested in my paper one of the policemen, who looked as Stereotypically white as you can possibly get, complete with a semi "porn mustache" informed me that he was actually ethnically Jewish/African-American and that he had a lot of experience in this regard. The other two cops were Polish and Czech (Baltimore has everyone it seems). They did answer a lot of questions and got into a philosophical discussion with themselves about biraciality and how Biracials should not be forced to identify with either of their parent races just because of their parent races and that they should forge their own identity. Although their biggest surprise was the news when it came up that in all my years of living in the United States I have never had a Taco or a Hamburger. They asked if that was a British thing. I was later recommended that if I wanted to get more interesting results to visit Hartford, Jessup, Cecil and Salisbury county in Maryland as the local people there are known to be less than amicable to minorities especially Cecil county (which is where my American High School was located) which has a well established KKK membership (was not fun encountering those elements when I was a teenager).

Day 6: Waaaay to cold for anything to be done. Major shops and other places are closed due to inclement weather.

Day 7: No data to be found, except finding the wavy hair at war with the straight.

Day 8: As I was walking I came upon a wall that had the hashtag #blacklivesmatter posted all over it with faces of the dead. To my surprise there was a Nigerian name on the list, and it was my sister's friend that had been killed by police on January 1st. As I was observing the mural an African-American man walked by saying, "Nice to see a white man taking an interest and seeing what that's about." Well, for one thing, it's not fair to say that white people would have no interests in how these individuals died just because of the colour of their skin.

Day 9: No data collected

Day 10: No data collected

Day 11: I don't see how someone could mistake me for Al Sharpton. They said it was the hair but I don't see it. Frankly I'm too light to be confused with Al Sharpton, also I have no idea what Al Sharpton would be doing in Baltimore right now. Ran into another Nigerian assuming that I was British, so to surprise the person I switched my accent to a Pidgin English (a form of English spoken in Nigeria) one and enjoyed the surprise on the man's face.

Day 12: No data

Day 13: Not that I mind getting data, but I am receiving quite a lot more black on white discrimination from the black community in the city. Not that I don't know that everyone has the capacity to be racist, but when you as a biracial have it drilled into your head that it's just white americans that are racist it is quite jarring. I am slow to find much white on black discrimination though.

Day 14: No data

Day 15: No data

Day 16: How?????? How???? How can an African-American say I look like Frederick Douglas. There are a ton of differences between me and that civil rights history figure.

Day 28: Sometimes the glare from a racist person becomes very uncomfortable. If you can vividly feel it, focusing on other things becomes very tricky, whether in conversation with a friend unaware of what is going on, or eating. My first thoughts are, "who the hell are you, and why are you sending such looks my way, you don't know who I am, so why don't you go away." The thing about racism and prejudice that I've noticed these past few months directed my way, are that since it's looked down upon, people don't say anything, but their body language and eyes do. To those that act so towards myself and others, you are sabotaging yourself of opportunities that you don''t know might come your way. Hell that guy you are looking at that way could become the person you need to go to for help with mortgage, city management, law etc, and the first thing that person will remember upon seeing you, is the way you treated him without a word uttered.  I did make the endeavour to head out like I said I would and I reaped the "benefits" of it. I was with a friend and everything was going as normal in that restaurant until I stated that I was biracial and I guess people in restaurants somehow have super hearing or something.


Day 35: Ran into a member of the Ku-Klux Klan. We had a rather interesting conversation. He didn't assume me for white, he immediately figured I was biracial. The man was claiming that the group was not as violent as its earlier incarnations had been. That they KKK was now actively trying to recruit Blacks, Jews and homosexuals into their ranks in order to promote a more "American" image. Their new stance of hate and dislike it seems is against immigrants and those of the Islamic faith.

Day 36: Not so much to do with anything racial per say but the police force entered my apartment. It seems they were searching for the previous resident of the my abode and were surprised as they didn't know there was a white person living in the apartment now. 


Day 50: Decided to change my hair to be parted sideways instead of backwards to see if there would be different reactions, will post picture much later.


Day 60: Decided to go to a church to discuss the subject with the priest. We had an hour discussion of previous church statements against intermarriage and biracial couples and their offspring. The priest (name withdrawn) stated that at one point when he was much younger he was of that opinion as an altar boy and it took a lot of change happening around him for him to change his mind. (This was a Greek orthodox church)


Day 65: Ok seriously, this time a Caucasian said I looked like Frederick Douglas.

Day 85: During the Cherry Blossom festival in Washington D.C I ran into a biracial couple with their son. The mother was a white American, and the father a black Dominican. Obviously their son was a mix of both their features. I asked them for a moment of their time after informing them of my experiment and were more than happy. First I asked them questions on how exactly would they address the dichotomies of race with their son seeing as he was mixed. The mother's response was that she had placed her son in a school where there were plenty of other biracial children, and that he would know himself as mixed first and foremost. She didn't want her son to be pigeonholed or given labels. She did say that she and her husband planned to have more serious talks about racial identity once he got much older but that on her end she had not received much incident. The father on the other hand, due to his much darker skin, was oft mistaken for a kidnapper accosting his son, he spoke of having to deal with police and other officials who did not believe that his own child was his due to the vast differences in skin tone, the son being a very tan colour and the father being very dark. He plans to address that issue with his own son when he grows older as well. I am not sure if I mentioned this but my mother experienced something similar but in a different vein. When I was very little my skin was extremely light and thus whenever my mother took me around the general assumption was that she was my nanny and would get a range of responses once it was found out that she was my parent. This brings up another part of the biracial question, the relationship between child and parent, especially when the child is very far removed from the parent in terms of appearance to the point that police had to get involved.

Day 87: I decided to get an issue with my Nigerian passport sorted out at the Nigerian embassy in D.C as I plan to attend one of my cousin's wedding in Dec. 2015. So as I arrived I didn't expect too much hustle, they said they were closing but when I explained they were willing to take a look at my problem. What was not expected, and certainly not wanted, were the surprised glances upon seeing me and nearly being turned away almost immediately because in their words, "A white man coming in here claiming to be a Nigerian". I nodded, smiled and laughed through all of it, I ignored the condescending gazes, especially even more when most of the staff aiding me found out I was of mixed race. I could have sworn they harrumphed so much they could make a hyena confused. When I was offered to take a passport photo a woman at the embassy looked at me and said, "White Igbo, certainly you cannot take a picture with that hair (my hair was neat and tidy at the time), if you want to have a Nigerian passport, come back when you look like an actual Nigerian, "She said after looking me up and down like she could not believe I actually existed. Luckily I grew up with those looks pointed my way that I give no reaction to it outwardly, but that look, doesn't stop irritating me. They even had the gall to use the words "half-caste" in front of me. 

deviantID

Ikechi1
Ikechi1
Artist | Hobbyist | Varied
Nigeria
Im a guy thats not afraid to say what i think and i like to be open minded

Current Residence: Baltimore
Favourite genre of music: Rock
Favourite photographer: Cody Galuardi
Favourite style of art: Literature
Operating System: Windows 7
Favourite cartoon character: Black Panther
Personal Quote: The written word is all that stands between memory and oblivion.
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36%
10 deviants said The Dilophosaurus (Ahiga)
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Journal History

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DesOrages Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Happy Birthday!
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Vyctorian Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015   General Artist
Happy birthday!~
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Stygma Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
Birthday sweets by KmyGraphic
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TheNornOnTheGo Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Happy Birthday! 
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Wesdaaman Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015  Student General Artist
Happy birthday!
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sniperwar10 Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015  Student General Artist
happy birthday. :)
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LunaSheWolf Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015
happy birthday :)
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shindianaify Featured By Owner Apr 22, 2015  Student General Artist
Happy birthday! :glomp:
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Jonup Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2015  Student Digital Artist
am nigerian too 
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:iconlethargicjest:
LethargicJest Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2015  Student Traditional Artist
Wow, I really like this. I am Nigerian, but I don`t really draw this type of stuff, so I thought this was pretty cool- sort of a nod to the culture.
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