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About Varied / Hobbyist Premium Member Ikechi1Male/Nigeria Groups :iconhistorical-hetalia: Historical-Hetalia
History: gossip well told.
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Claiming the Throne Page 82 by Ikechi1
Claiming the Throne Page 82
Story is written by me
Art by FalyneVarger
Colours by lummage
Lettering by UberVestigium
Logo made by Lukewarm Media
Mercenary characters and Red Tyrannosaurus are owned by Lukewarm Media and used with permission
Albertonykus material made with permission from Albertonykus

Chapter 1…
Chapter 2…
Chapter 3…
Chapter 4…
Chapter 5…
Chapter 6…

Chapter 7…

Page 80>…
Page 81>Claiming the Throne Page 81 by Ikechi1

More fleshed out backstory for these three characters. Heck we even get Watusi backstory.
Kebbi and Gwari by Ikechi1
Kebbi and Gwari
Collaboration with HopelessPandora

Gobir, Katsina and Zaria













Akpa-Ibom Isi>…







Tribes side by side…

Blood of the Kingdoms story featuring all the characters>…

Government history>…

Disclaimer: As with the others this is a quick look at the history of the Kebbi and Gwari Kingdoms and like Gobir, Katsina and Zaria, all their histories are very intertwined with each other. Edit: A few more characters after this and I would have all the northern kingdoms covered. Edit: There are barely any references to the Kebbi or Argungu kingdoms prior to the texts written by the Songhay Empire, anything earlier is based on genetic and archeological digs in the area.


Kebbi (formerly Argungu) was one of the younger medieval African kingdoms that started out as a relatively minor Kingdom that would trade with the larger kingdoms such as Hausa-Kano. She was a refugee immigrant from the old Assyrian kingdom during the period it was being conquered by the Medians and the Babylonians. Eventually settling in what would become part of northern Nigeria circa 600BCE Kebbi had to deal with the harshness of the landscape, relying on Tuareg to supply her with goods and food for half a century before truly taming the region. During the 11th century she allied herself with Gobir and took his side against Katsina in the Gobir-Katsina wars. When those wars ended the northern kingdoms were able to find relative peace. But everything changed when the Songhai Empire attacked. The Songhai empire rapidly conquered the region and put down many a rebellion from the other states. It was at this point that Kebbi was introduced to and accepted Islam as her official religion.

However in 1515 Kebbi organized a massive revolt against the Empire and by rallying Hausa-Kano and Hausa-Zinder she was able to rally many of the other kingdoms to push back the Songhai forces and become a major power in the region. Forcing Hausa-Kano to pay many tributes to her. She invaded the territories of Nupe, Yauri (who she forced to continuously pay tribute to her until the mid-18th century. This would draw the attention of the Bornu Empire which then attempted to take her various territories, but like with the Songhai Empire she was able to easily repel them.

In 1556 Hausa-Kano stopped paying tribute to her, forcing her to rely on the assistance of Yauri after Nupe revolted against her takeover and managed to retain his territory. In the process she once again became a minor kingdom, albeit with Yauri still under her control. In 1808 when Fulani-Fula was conquering the rest of the Hausa states, Yauri pledged allegiance to Fulani-Fula on the condition that she would free him from Kebbi's rule. Kebbi found herself unable to deal with the strength of Fulani-Fula and was defeated with Yauri now being appointed ruler over her instead.

Kebbi refused to accept this and revolted in 1822 with Zamfara and Gwarri aiding her in her attempts but by 1831 it was clear that the three of them could not take down Fulani-Fula and Kebbi surrendered in 1831. In 1849 however Kebbi started it up again and Fulani-Fula knocked her back down and made her a vassal state to hopefully mitigate any rebellious ambitions. However though Kebbi was done fighting Fula, she turned her eyes to Yauri and the two engaged in a 50 year war, aided by British and Fulani forces. During this time in 1859 Yauri was able to kill two of the rulers next in line at the battle of the Rima River. A year later Kebbi managed to kill Yauri's emir. Fed up with the fighting Fulani-Fula granted Kebbi full independence in 1862 to wipe the Kebbi problem off of her hands.

Kebbi accepted and decided to continue to dominate the land until the Fanna people pledged their allegiance to Yauri in 1875 and war broke out between the two northern powers again with Fulani-Fula staying out of it as she had to deal with the rise of British Colonialism in her Caliphate. In 1883 Kebbi managed to have a great victory against Yauri and would hold it over him for 3 years until England and France stepped in in 1890. England and France made their first decision to split up the Hausa brothers first as they planned to have their own territories connected to the Niger river. Kebbi was furious about not being consulted on this decision and when French explorer Parfait Louis-Monteil was exploring the borders of Fulani's empire in order to gauge its size and strength, he was confronted by Kebbi who told him she was no longer part of the empire, shocking and disturbing him. It turned out that for most of the time that the Europeans had been in the region, Yauri had been withholding the information of Kebbi's existence in order to deny her trade.

Kebbi banished Monteil and scolded Fulani on her supposed subjugation to the foreign powers prompting Fulani-Fula in 1892 to bring down her might on her and reabsorb her territory back into the Empire. England, under a political agreement, marched his forces into Kebbi's capital Argungu in 1898 in order to provide protection for the French caravans that were passing through the region. By 1902 England had established a permanent military presence in her kingdom. Kebbi and her Sarkin (king) decided to ally with England once he heard of England's plans to defeat and conquer Fulani-Fula. The alliance was kept under the condition that England would grant her full autonomy after the war would be over.

In 1908 England's conquest of the Northern kingdoms was complete and Frederick Lugard along with England, received a mighty display at a durbar (A festival celebrated at the end of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha that usually involves a cavalry parade.), All the northern kingdoms came in with massive cavalry regiments led by Fulani-Fula, Hausa-Kano, Kebbi, Yauri, Zaria and Daura. At the end of the procession all the northern tribes and kingdoms, in their final act of submission, knelt before England and Frederick Lugard. Lugard and England in a show of "gratitude" gave all the emirs autonomy within the borders of the northern protectorate. In just a few years Kebbi and the others would find themselves part of a new country called "Nigeria" in 1914 after the surrender of Nri-Igbo in 1911 as the last tribe to submit.

After serving England in WWI and working through the Great Depression, Kebbi was visited by Fulani-Fula and the two decided to come up with a fishing festival in 1934. The idea was to see which emirate had the best fishermen. The festival was largely kept between the two but after the Biafran war (in which Kebbi provided some aid to Fulani-Fula) Ngas wanted the rest of the northern tribes and kingdoms to participate in the festival beginning in 1972. Even the tribes and southern kingdoms from Niger were brought in to participate in the great fishing festival. When Nigeria entered its fourth democracy in 1999 the festival was put under a temporary ban, resuming in 2004 and becoming a major tourist attraction for the North. The festival, called the Argungu fishing festival is held for 5 days every year and the fisherman don't use fishing poles, they have to catch the fish by hand and usually swim after the fish themselves, a process called "noodling".

While doig the fishing festivals, Kebbi came up with an irrigation project called the "Zauro polder project" in 1969. The project was to massively improve the irrigation capabilities of the northern landscape and though the project was started in 2009, it has encountered social difficulties with the other kingdoms and farmers unions with differing opinions. In the same year, Kebbi pushed for the Surame site to be declared a World Heritage site (Surame being the first capital of her early kingdom).


Gwarri, (also called Gbagyi or Gbari) is an old immigrant to the region, confirmed to be as old as the ancient Nok if not older. When they first settled in the region, they chose the location of the future capital of Nigeria, Abuja as their home.  Maintaining trade in her early centuries before helping to drive apart the Songahi empire, Gwarri found herself often aiding Kebbi in her various endeavours. Gwarri had a large resistance to cultural influences and maintained her life. The position in which she had settled made her a perfect focal point for interaction with all the major tribes and kingdoms, both in the north and in the south. Though she had the chance for great opulence she most remained the same, only accepting new technologies when it suited her,like when Daura introduced her to the domestication of the horse, which made her a far more efficient farmer.

In the 16th century Gwarri found herself on the brink of war with Zaria and his Queen Amina who marched over her lands before uniting all the northern kingdoms under a Hausa banner. Gwarri was allowed to continue on her ways as long as she would help supply the Hausa caliphate, thus she was allowed to continue practicing her traditional beliefs instead of converting to Islam.

During the early 19th century when Fulani-Fula was making headway and conquering the northern kingdoms, Gwarri created a two year stalemate, due to using the mountains in her region to her advantage. After her eventual defeat at the hands of Fulani-Fula she converted to Islam. She would later be half and half on Christianity after the onset of British colonialism. Like many of the northern tribes she was given proper autonomy by England and stood on Fulani-Fula's side during the Biafran war.

As she watched the political situation deteriorate in Nigeria under Katsina's rule, Gwarri took over Nigeria in 1985 and tried to reestablish Nigeria as a democratic state in 1993 called the third Nigerian republic. She allied with Egba-Yoruba to have an offical president in order to promote a lasting peace. The peace lasted 3 months as Kanuri rose up and defeated both Gwarri and Egba-Yoruba before placing himself as the head of Nigeria.

While this had been going on during the 1970s Gwarri and many of the tribes and kingdoms proposed a central capital, away from the overpopulated city of Lagos. Oyo-Yoruba protested the decision and political strife halted the construction of Abuja until Fulani-Fula allowed it to restart in the 1980s with Katsina looking over the final parts of the project and when Gwarri was ruling Nigeria, she made sure to finish Abuja and permanently make it the capital of Nigeria, citing that it was a neutral focal point for all the kingdoms and tribes of Nigeria. This was accepted and has remained so to today.
Claiming the Throne Page 81 by Ikechi1
Claiming the Throne Page 81
Story is written by me
Art by FalyneVarger
Colours by lummage
Lettering by UberVestigium
Logo made by Lukewarm Media
Mercenary characters and Red Tyrannosaurus are owned by Lukewarm Media and used with permission
Albertonykus material made with permission from Albertonykus

Chapter 1…
Chapter 2…
Chapter 3…
Chapter 4…
Chapter 5…
Chapter 6…

Chapter 7…

Page 80>…
Page 82>Claiming the Throne Page 82 by Ikechi1 (i have no idea how to change it back to a regular link)

Here's another game of who can spot the various archosaur species I have laid out, and this time, there are a lot. Also more backstory.

Edit: I have to give the Tsintaosaurus away because Prof. Thomas Holtz told me that my presentation of the animal is now inaccurate and here is the paper that has the new information on the former unicorn dinosaur.…

Second edit: As part of the guessing game these animals are not included: Quetzalcoatlus, Agustina, Iguanodon, Aerosteon, Chasmosaurus, Gastonia, Achelousaurus, Hatzegopteryx, Pentaceratops, Diabloceratops, Zhejiangopterus
Well my stint in D.C is now over working as a lobbyist. Moving to Baltimore to take on a Master's degree which will probably continue to eat up a lot of time. Dinosaur comics will still be coming, in fact page 80 has been coloured, just need to add the speech bubbles, and I heard some people groaning at the mention of speech bubbles. Also for those that follow the tribal history pieces one of the things I wish I could do is make a comic out of the blood of the kingdoms work like dinosaurusgede or melonstyle or other hetalia comic writers, but I'm very focused on claiming the throne that i cannot devote the resources to another comic lol and its not like anyone would work with me on a Nigerian hetalia history comic for free anyway lol. Apartment hunting is no joke it seems even in downtown baltimore but the best part, the Maryland Science Center is there so i can get my dinosaur fix whilst the smithsonian dinosaur wing is done for the next few years
  • Mood: Joy
  • Listening to: Femi Kuti
  • Reading: Game of Thrones
  • Watching: Battlestar Galactica
  • Playing: Rome 2 Total War
  • Eating: Cream Chicken Rice
  • Drinking: Water


Artist | Hobbyist | Varied
Im a guy thats not afraid to say what i think and i like to be open minded

Current Residence: Baltimore
Favourite genre of music: Rock
Favourite photographer: Cody Galuardi
Favourite style of art: Literature
Operating System: Windows 7
Favourite cartoon character: Black Panther
Personal Quote: The written word is all that stands between memory and oblivion.


Favourite non tyrannosaur dinosaur character 

10 deviants said The Dilophosaurus (Ahiga)
6 deviants said The Parasaurolophus (Sonata)
5 deviants said The Allosaurus (Aurancap)
3 deviants said Lacuterr (The Spinosaurus)
1 deviant said The Diplodocus (Ferus Pontus)

Journal History


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Pelycosaur24 Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2014
Thanks a lot for faving my Paleontologists! :)
Ikechi1 Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
as a guy who digs dinosaurs (dig in the excavate sense) and history I appreciate you showcasing famous historical contributors to the history of the field, including the Queen of Paleontology herself. I wonder if you would do characters like 'Georges Cuvier and the mastodon' or
Pelycosaur24 Featured By Owner 6 days ago
I am very glad that People who actually dig up dinosaurs take interest in my drawings! :D Thank you very much for the sugesstion! I will write Georges Cuvier and his Mastodon on the list :)
Ikechi1 Featured By Owner 6 days ago  Hobbyist General Artist
Cuvier is known for may other discoveries such as Mosasaurus yes, but he really helped fix the idea that extinct was a thing with the mastodon and proved that the Indian and African elephants were different animals using the Mastodon fossils. I believe you can see in my much older gallery the Camarasaurus that we dug up
(1 Reply)
David-Dennis Featured By Owner Sep 27, 2014  Professional Filmographer
You're pretty amazing...
Ikechi1 Featured By Owner Sep 27, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
oh? ok thanks
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Sep 1, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Hi Ikechi :D If you dont mind, I kindly need your advise,

1. what was the situation in Nigeria in the end of 19th century or is there any major event? Id like to incorporate them to Maaf.
2. Is it ok if I use Fulani Fula body model but let her wear other Nigeria traditional clothes? Like Igbo, Hausa-Kano, etc..
3. I have read in regards to the "Scramble of Africa", but I have no idea how much this affected Nigeria, can you kindly enlighten me in this subject?
4. Please notify me if I made mistakes in representation of Nigeria in Maaf, I wilk fix them asap

Many thanks in advance, Ikechi :D
Ikechi1 Featured By Owner Sep 1, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I will gladly answer your questions.

1. Well in the 19th century there was no "Nigeria". Nigeria the country was not formed until 1914. What was occurring at the time in the 19th century was that England was conquering each of the kingdoms individually to gain territories. From the end of the 19th century (I assume you are saying from 1880-1899) here are the major events that were going on at the time.
     A. The Ekumeku Igbo people had declared war on England in 1883 to prevent the takeover of their lands.
     B. On November 1897 England wiped out the Igbo sub tribe Onitscha with cannon fire.
     C. 1898 the Enuani Igbo tribe was wiped out by England
     D. 1886 The Royal Niger Company is founded (British company) to handle the capture and conquest of what would become the North
     E. 1881 Englishman George Goldie founds the United African company to handle the capture and conquest of what would become the South
     F. 1897 George Goldie sends forces to take territories from Fulani-Fula, Nupe and Fulani-Ilorin and is successful
     G. 1890 Oyo-Yoruba is ordered by England to push back Fon and France from Yoruba territories as France wanted Yoruba lands and was using Fon to get them.
     H. England conquers the Nupe kingdom in 1897
     I. England abducts King Jaja of Opobo in 1887 and holds him hostage in London until 1891 where they poisoned him with tea in order to take his territory.
     J. England aids Egba-Yoruba in the Yoruba civil wars and helps him to defend himself against Fon's aggression until 1893 when Egba-Yoruba signs a treaty with England to become a protectorate.
     K. 1892 England breaks the Treaty of Galloway that he had with Edo-Benin and attacks his massive walled city on a sacred day for Edo-Benin. Edo-Benin declares war on England but is conquered a year later.
     L. Fulani-Ilorin comes under British rule after heavy shelling in 1897
     M. From 1891-1893 England forces Oyo-Yoruba to attack the other Yoruba tribes and bring them under British control.
     N. 1895 Oyo rebels but is bombarded into submission.
     O. 1899 Fulani-Fula starts to rally her remaining territories to defend against the British
     P. 1899 Aro-Igbo rejects British attempts to convert them to Christianity.
     Q. 1899 Fulani-Fula rebuffs German, French and English attempts to take her lands.

2. As for another major social thing was the subsequent destruction of old religious artifacts belonging to all these various tribes. Shockingly (or not) while England had officially abolished slavery, that was only within the public sphere. England was still taking slaves from the regions well into 1924. Even when Nigeria was formed England was taking slaves. So a lot of the tribes found England to be a great hypocrite.

3. I know you like Fulani-Fula and although I would personally prefer you to show all the various tribes as I made them, I know there are a lot of them to represent their history so you may do as you wish with my blessing.

4. With the Scramble for Africa in terms of Nigeria, During the Berlin Conference (1884) England declared that all the region he had designated Nigeria would be his. There was official disagreement as seen by France and Germany using other tribes as proxies in order to get the Nigerian lands. England would make Lagos a separate colony for a time. The main issue that England realized was the sheer number of diverse and large kingdoms and societies. So they used divide and conquer tactics with missionaries, propaganda and slander, and the idea of uplifting to gain support to capture the various territories. The main piece that both France and England wanted was the Oyo kingdom and Itsekiri and Ijaw ports as they held the strongest source of maritime wealth and trade. Germany and England both wanted the salts, golds and spices that could be found in the Hausa-Fulani/Sokoto Caliphate territory. The Niger river (which flows through Mali, Benin, Niger and Nigeria) was given free shipping in order to have an agreement between Germany, France and England. The Berlin Conference required that England try to have treaties with the rulers and tribes that lived on the coast, but the treaty did not call for the inland tribes which England took advantage of. England's plan was to ultimately control the mouth and 1/3 of the length of the river which would force all trade to go through and be approved by England which would make England be able to place its ships as it pleased. The tribes that were the greatest obstacles to this were Fulani-Ilorin, Oyo-Yoruba, Nupe and Fulani-Fula. England and France had the line divided as to split the Hausa tribes in half, with Hausa-Kano in British territory and Hausa-Zinder in French territory. With the Igbos having a large monetary trade they were seen as a threat and had to be either subjugated, converted or eliminated. This continued into 1911 with every Igbo sub tribe except for Nri-Igbo being wiped out. England did not like that the Igbo had no official king as it gave them no one to negotiate with or bribe in the way they desired. The scramble ultimately forced brother against brother and forced people that had hated each other like Ijaw and Itsekiri to suddenly try to work together whilst ignoring that tension.

5. You have made no mistakes so far. Like I said, I personally would like to see the other tribes shown as well in Maaf but I don't want to overburden you. 
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Sep 2, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thank you so much for sharing so many Nigeria history and culture with me, Ikechi :D You're very kind and generous 
Ikechi1 Featured By Owner Sep 2, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I love history, I love learning it and sharing what I know. Sorry that the history of Nigeria is a bit complicated with so much happening all over the place and you honour me by asking for information.
(1 Reply)
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